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Reverse Osmosis - Desalination - Filtration

Reverse Osmosis Filtration (R.O.) 98% of Salt & Mineral Removal

At Coolabah Water we have a number of Reverse Osmosis that we supply Coolabah Water have sourced the best pure water systems out of the market place and with our expertise can show you as a customer how to get the best value pure water systems keep them running at their peak delivering pure water to you all the time when you need it.

Feed water will pass from a softening unit through a cluster filter housing capturing any sediment particles before entering a final filter system. This filtration protects the stainless steel pressure pump and lead ends of the membranes from unwanted fouling. Typically these filters would need to be changed periodically or whenever there is a sufficient pressure differential across the filters. 

An antiscalant used to prevent salts crystallizing on the membranes giving membranes a far greater life span. The units incorporate shutdown flush cycles that help protect the membranes and help ensure a trouble free operation. On shut down the highly salty brine water around the membranes is flushed away using bore water to provide protection of the membranes while sitting idle.

Elementary Reverse Osmosis Process

The units will produce fresh water which would be fed to a fresh water tank and reject brine for disposal. Sensors monitor levels to allow the unit to start up and shut down automatically. Units generally operate under automatic control and only require the start button to be pushed to start and stop the machine. 

Units run unattended and require no operator input during normal operation apart from periodic topping up of the antiscalant and periodic maintenance. Antiscalant is used as a further measure to prevent fouling of the membrane surface with scale that can be formed from concentrating bore water.

About Reverse Osmosis

The power source is single phase and a basic layout drawing as an installation guide will be supplied with each unit. Units come with a Manual describing the process and how to best maintain the unit. The units are able to be expanded up to a point, should the end user find the need. The Membranes are often rated to last for 3 years but can last longer

Membrane Elements

How a Membrane Element Works The spiral-wound membrane element is constructed of one or more membrane envelopes wound around a perforated central tube. The permeate water passes through the membrane into the envelope and spirals inward to the central tube.

About Reverse Osmosis

Reverse Osmosis generally works in this way water would be pump from the source, often this will be a bore then to a softening system and pre filtration then to Reverse Osmosis filtration and storage.

This diagram tells us what types of filters remove different contaminants from water.

About Reverse Osmosis

This is information that Coolabah Water need in order to assess your needs in R.O. treatment of water. If you don’t have recent water test results, we can test your water for a very small cost.

Please call our office – 1800 069 800 – for water testing information.

About Reverse Osmosis | reverse osmosis,Reverse Osmosis System

Treated Water Quality Requirement
Product Water FlowLitres/hour or M3/Day
Total Dissolved Solidsppm or Conductivity mS/CM
Application InvolvedWhat do you want to do with the water?
Feed Water Characteristics
Water TemperatureMin. Deg C – Max. Deg C
Quantity Feed Water AvailableLitres/hour at a pressure of kPa
Feed Water Analysis

The following analysis will be used to predict precipitation in the Reverse Osmosis concentrate stream and to optimise a design that avoids fouling and scale deposition causing premature membrane failure. A complete and accurate analysis is essential.

Conductivity – mS/CMTotal Dissolved Solidsmg/L
TurbidityNTU Total Suspended Solidsmg/L
pH rangeTotal Organic Carbonmg/L
ChlorineBromine 
Cations in mg/LAnions in mg/L 
AluminiumCarbonate 
AmmoniumBicarbonate 
BariumBromide 
CalciumChloride 
IronFluoride 
MagnesiumNitrate 
ManganesePhophate 
PotassiumSilica 
SodiumSulphate 
Strontium  

List all chemical additives added to the feed water such as:

Polymeric coagulants; cationic polymers; acrylic or methacrylic acid; alum, PAC, ferric salts, polyelectrolytic polymer; aromatic hydrocarbons; aliphatic hydrocarbons; ketones, esters, quaternary ammonium compounds such as benzylkonium chloride; silicon antifoams.

Download and print a copy of water data sheet.